Tips and Tricks: The /SH/ Sound

Today I am here to offer some tips and tricks for teaching fricative sound: /SH/.  There are different errors that kids make for the /sh/ sound.  One is called "stopping", where they use a "stop" sound like /t/ instead of /sh/ (example "I see a teep!" instead of sheep).  This is something you can work on with your child at home (and in therapy with a qualified speech provider).  

There are several levels of teaching sounds: isolation (only the sound), at the word level (ex."sheep"), in phrases (ex. "black sheep"), sentences ("I see a black sheep."), and finally in conversation.  

This may take some time.  This is normal.  Try to be patient and don't put too much pressure on your kiddo.  

Isolation Level
One of the fastest way to get that /sh/ sound is to use the "quiet sound"...when you tell someone else "shhhh". Some kids can do the /sh/ sound right away when you do this...some cannot. If they can't quite do it yet, don't worry.  Keep trying.  


Tips and tricks: 1) First... show them and tell them how to put their lips out.  You might model it yourself.  Using a mirror (or the picture mode on your phone) may help too.  Another trick is to put an object or picture of an object that starts with "sh" by your mouth while you model the sound.  This helps to draw attention to your mouth. 2) Next, they need to keep their lips apart just a little bit so that air can come out.  Their tongue will also need to move back a tiny bit (you can gently use a popsicle stick or a toothbrush to help get their tongue into the right place).   Try to be as patient as possible and keep it fun..we don't want our children to be stressed about the way they sound.  Just before the word level comes syllables.  This is where you add in a vowel.  Examples: sho, she, sha, shi, shu, ash, ish, eesh

Word Level

Once we've got isolation and syllables down, we can move to practicing in words. Some kids do better starting at the beginning of the word, some do better with the middle or end of the word.  You can determine this by trying some words.  I often start with kids where they are successful (this may sound backwards...but saying sounds wrong can get frustrating, so kids are excited when they get them right).  In speech therapy, we call this "stimulability" (if a child is "stimulable" for a sound....they are saying it right! yay!).  

Beginning Words (initial position)
shark, shave, sugar, ship, shake, shop, shampoo, shower, shirt, short, shoes, shapes, shoosh, shed, shell, shine, sheet, shorts, shovel, sheep

Click the image for a printable list of target words.

Middle Words (medial position)
wishbone, dishes, washing, brushing, bushes, trash can, flashlight, fashion, splashing, pushing, cashier, marshmallow, pushpin, seashells, fishing, washing machine, ocean, lotion

Click the image for a printable list of target words.

Ending Words (final position)
push, smash, squish, dish, fish, trash, bush, hush, wish, brush, flash, wash, lash, dash, cash, splash, squash, polish, swish, cash

Click the image for a printable list of target words.

Once you figure out which of these positions is easiest, practice those words.  You can model the sounds for your child, emphasizing the parts with /sh/  in them...cheering for them if they get it right, but not scolding them if they get it wrong. 

Once your child has mastered the word level (consistently getting 15-20 words correct at least 75% of the time), you can try some phrases/sentences.  

Phrase/Sentence Level
We can sometimes use the same sentence to practice lots of words: 

Example: I see a _____. (sheep, shirt, shoe, washcloth, fish)

Or you can make up sentences for each word.  

Again, make your /sh/ sounds louder (we call this exaggerated modeling...wash), encourage your child, but don't scold.  Also, don't do this practice all day every day....just a few minutes here and there is fine.  We don't want kids to become sensitive about their speech. 

Conversation Level
This can be used from the start in modeling of your own /sh/ sounds in your conversation (for a few minutes here and there).  Once a child has consistently mastered sentences (75% or more correct), you can start providing gentle reminders in conversation.  "Don't forget your /SH/ sound", "oops, I think you meant "shoe"...right?"  Don't stress your child out....but remind them gently (some of the time).  

One of the best ways to model the /SH/ sound is by reading stories.  You can read stories to your child that have a lot of /sh/ sounds in them and exaggerate that sound for them while you read.  Here are some examples of books that have /sh/ in them frequently.  If your child is old enough to read, you can practice with them reading too!

Kiki Looks for Shawn by Elizabeth Hepler (see below)
Sheep in Jeep by Nancy E Shaw and Margot Apple
Splash by Anne Jonas
New Shoes Red Shoes by Susan Rollings

For Articulation Cards that you can play Memory and other games with, check out Teachers Pay Teachers.  

Click on the image below to check out Adaptive Book Kiki Looks for Shawn by Elizabeth Hepler.

Click on the image below to check out a No Print/Boom Card Ebook: Kiki Looks for Shawn by Elizabeth Hepler 

Click on the image below to play Boom Card: /SH/ Basketball Games

For a free black and white coloring page click the image below. 

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